How to Find the Best Repellent to Keep Ticks Away

Ticks – how to avoid and remove a tick.

As a first aid trainer I come across a large number of people, who willingly share their stories. Some months ago I remember a student who had just come back from a 4WD trip in which they unfortunately encountered a tick!

Hearing this, I asked the class if they knew how to remove a tick, here are some of the responses:

Solution of Bicarbonate of soda, Alcohol, Diesel (fuel), Methylated spirits, Salt, Vegetable oil, Nail polish remover, Eucalyptus oil, Aerogard / RID and Dog’s urine.

Now I can’t comment on the outcome of some of the above methods, however I can outline the First Aid procedures for the removal of a tick in accordance with the guidelines published by the Australian Resuscitation Council, that we base our training upon. Basically there are two simple methods of removal.

First and probably the most effective is to use a fine curved per of tweezers, and press the points down onto the skin on either side of the front part of the tick, then close the points and lift or lever the tick out intact (Hopefully)! The tick should be removed slowly allowing it to withdraw its mouths parts intact. Apply antiseptic to the area and seek medical attention as required.

The second method commonly use is the ‘lasso’ method, whereby a thin lasso of thread is positioned low around the mouth parts and steady upward traction opposite the direction of entry is applied. Again seek medical attention as required.

Additionally, my friends tell me no matter how careful they are at removing a tick, even minutes after having been bitten, they always get an itchy, weeping lump that last sometimes for days.

Caution – whatever method is used for removal do not grasp the tick’s body as this may result in separating the tick’s body from its mouth, causing toxins enter and infection to occur, in other words this is likely to squeeze the tick’s insides into the wound.

Caution – if the casualty develops a rash, persistent headache, fever, aching joints or has a history of allergy then seek immediate medical attention.

I have never had the pleasure of experiencing a tick, however a number of friends who regularly travel to the outback and beyond, have encountered the little critters. There are apparently around 75 species of ticks throughout Australia, (not all ours some are imported). The most common tick, found is the paralysis tick, Ixodes holocyclus (also call “hard or scrub tick”).They can be found in wet forests and bushy areas right along the east coast of Australia, from Queensland, to the southern tip of Victoria.

Symptoms and signs of having a tick include: local irritation, in the affected area (normally hairy areas, skin clefts and crevices, like ears), lethargy, muscle weakness, especially in children, vision problems and sometimes breathing difficulties.

The life cycle of a tick begins after hatching, and basically has three stages: the first is the ‘larval’ stage, where it is commonly called a grass tick; second stage ‘nymph; and third stage adult (Shell Backs). To pass from one stage to the next a feed from a host is required. Generally the whole process takes twelve months, however climatic conditions and availability of hosts can affect the life cycle. To attract or local a warm blooded host, ticks will climb about 60cm (2 feet – for the old school) up surrounding vegetation and wave their forelegs around in the air. The tick language this is called ‘questing’. A number of friends believe ticks jump out of trees, because they often have to remove them from their scape or back of the neck, however I have found no evidence of this.

The ‘soft tick’ usually attaches to a host only briefly for a quick feed, however the adult (hard shell back), may remain attached for a number of days, and generally needs to be removed. Quite often an adult tick does not complete their attachment and begin feeding until they have been on the host for 3 to 5 hours, maybe this explains them being found in odd places as they find a suitable area to attach. This period is also the best time for detection, therefore preventing illness/paralysis.

Only the female tick bites, in other words if you locate a tick it is most likely a female, as the male tick rarely feeds on a host. Therefore, if you happen to find a male tick (how you are going to know is another story), he is probably just looking for a female. The female will feed until fully engorged with blood, at this time it is considerably larger than in it unfed state (the size of a pea), and is said to be replete (full, satisfied). She will then drop off the host and typically lay somewhere between 2000 to 6000 eggs in leaf matter or mulch! Then they unfortunately die….

Tick season here in Australia is as we enter our warmer months (Spring & Summer), so how do we reduce the likelihood of being bitten?

Wear appropriate clothing when outdoors in tick areas including long sleeved shirts, long pants tucked into socks and maybe a wide brimmed hat. My friends who often go bush said they spray their clothes and hats with an insect repellent and wear a repellent that contains DEET or Picaridin.

When ticks are prevalent, clothes should not be taken into your living space; instead placing them into the spin dryer for up to 20 minutes will generally dehydrate and kill any ticks hanging around. A full body search is required especially behind the ears, on the back of the head, groin, and armpits and back of knees.

Don’t forget to check your pets. Many dogs often die from tick paralysis each year. If you live near scrub or bush mowing grass in the backyard and keeping mulch and leaf litter away from the main entrance to the house will certainly help reduce the likelihood of being bitten by a tick.


Alibi Training Australia and Paul E Milne make every effort to insure that this information is medically accurate and up-to-date. However, the information contained in this article is intended to complement, not substitute for proper medical consultation and care.

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What’s The Best Dating Website? Adult Dating Website Reviews

What’s the best dating website? Usually the one that gives you the most options, the best matches and the greatest success!

With so many to choose from it can be hard to know which is best for you, especially when there are some people online looking for a life partner and others who are only looking for fun. Either way if you’re committed to finding a match online, our adult dating website reviews will help you decide which is the best dating website for you. is one of the best dating website simply because of the huge amount of traffic it gets. Combining with Yahoo Personals as of July 2010, the sheer volume of people logging on can only mean one thing: More opportunities and a higher success rate for you!

Like most single dating websites, allows you to join for free, browse their catalogue of profiles and make brief contact with other members by posting pictures and sending winks. When you want to further your communication you will need to join their subscription to have full access to profiles and communication tools.

The benefit of joining as a member is the 5 Daily Matches it recommends to you. It works by searching its database for likeminded people based on its personality test that you are required to take when joining. This is a fun way for you to match with people you might not have normally considered, however after it while it can feel like the system is churning out just about anyone to you.

Regardless is a well established dating website and with such a huge database of singles its guaranteed to open new doors for you in the dating world if you choose to pursue it.


eHarmony is for those who are really at the business end of pursuing a loving partnership and is only for those who are serious about making a long lasting relationship. So if you are just looking for a bit of fun or seeking a partner without the view of it turning in to something serious, then eharmony is not for you.

eHarmony differs itself from other dating sites with its scientific approach to match making. Becoming a member involves completing a rigorous and detailed questionnaire that is then used to match you with other members. Their belief is that the best matches come from the key dimensions of personality testing, rather than just leaving love up to chance.

Unlike other tops dating websites, at no point can you browse profiles of other members. This may be off putting to some but the point is to break any usual dating patterns that in the past haven’t lead to successful matches. Instead it finds matches for you based on your core values and beliefs. The benefit of this is that not only can this be incredibly exciting it also saves you a lot of time trying to get to know someone and figuring out if their qualities and ideals match yours.

eHarmony’s commitment to its members is such that it won’t send you matches if there is no one in their database that matches you. They will only contact you if a member joins who is deemed suitable. They also do not accept married or separated members, guaranteeing that all parties involved are free of relationship commitments.

So if you’re looking for a long lasting union, husband or life partner, eHarmony is definitely the best dating website for you.


Lavalife currently only operates in the US, Canada and Australia but this well established company is one of the best internet dating websites around. Lavalife is the place where singles click and although you have to pay to play the benefit of this website is that it has so many different products at your very fingertips.

Aside from its regular catalogue of profiles your can search through, what makes it one of the top dating websites is that it offers a variety of communication tools such as Lavalife VOICE, Lavalife PRIME and lavalife MOBILE to name just a few.

Lavalife VOICE is where you can record your personal profile and have other interested singles respond 24/7 Then if desired you can also connect live one and one and actually speak to each other, personalizing your ‘meeting’ all the more.

Lavalife PRIME can be considered the best dating website for singles exclusively 45 plus. It offers the usual browsing of profiles and emails but also encourages members to participate in chat forums and read feature articles offering tips and relevant information regarding a mature lifestyle.

LavaMOBILE for the modern single on the move, this allows members to search profiles, exchange text messages, view pictures, receive text alerts, play flirting games and engage in mobile chat. is another one of the best internet dating websites. The sister site to it matches people through its online chemistry test. While their questionnaire is quite extensive, the questions themselves are lighthearted yet sensible for getting to know someone who is likeminded. Examples of their questions include, ‘Where would you rather live? Big city, small town, by the sea or lake?’ and their answers are all multiply choice.

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Career Development And Learning Centers – Reasons Families Prefer Them

In United states of America and other places of the world thee are some of the non profit making Organisations. Among them are Young men’s Christian Association and Young women’s Christian Association which gives a special importance to increase opportunities for men and also for women irrespective of age and gender. For working families they provide child care and for adults they provide job openings. Part of their agenda is to encourage the physical, emotional and spiritual growth through the activities of body and mind.

Centers for learning and career development provide certain exercises for young adults as well as the aged ones. Some people are paid for their works whereas others simply volunteer. Every aid acts as a mentor for children as well as for adults who require their services. Responsibility, honesty, respect and to be of caring nature is taught to all the staff members.

Similar to YMCA AND YWCA there are other centers for career development and also for learning and is absolutely free and have low fee structure for public. They cover skills that are required in professional careers like cardiopulmonary resuscitation or fitness and recreation, or like basketball, volleyball, exercise programs, kickboxing and aerobics.

There are programs for people who are with learning disabilities which is insisted upon by directors of career development and learning centers.

Some universities and also few institutions have online courses offered to the students which include career development and learning studies. There are also some non credit classes for public along with traditional and vocational courses. The noncredit courses unlike credit courses usually run for few weeks and have a small fee. Universities and colleges offer fewer courses when compared to the public centers for family.

With the kind of ever growing population in the United States of America, there is a great need for these centers like career development and learning centers to mend cause awareness and educate local populations. There already are few centers which are meant for children, centers meant for adults only in order to provide job openings, or personality improvement etc.There are also centers meant only for families to get educated together and very much together in this ever changing world.

To find a center for career development and learning, in the area you are located, try to look for in local phone books, or directories. You can also find this information online for your hometown. Find out the information online as in how to go about joining. In case you want to teach, you can become a mentor, be caring with the right attitude and work with others in a friendly manner.

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